MRSA is short for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which is a staph infection that doesn’t respond to many commonly used antibiotics.
It was originally caused by the overuse of antibiotics and antibiotic treatment not being long enough to kill the more resistant, stronger bacteria.
The bacteria are commonly found on skin and many surfaces that come in contact with skin. Contact with MRSA bacteria doesn’t mean that it will cause MRSA because many infections can be prevented.
The following are some of the causes for this infection:
- Antibiotic Use
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is caused by staph bacteria that has mutated and adapted to survive antibiotic treatment. This occurs because the antibiotics aren’t taken properly and resistant strains survive and reproduce. Past overuse and short administration lengths contributed to this.
When there are no MRSA symptoms, but there are bacteria present, it is called colonization. Most often, the bacteria will colonize in the nose, groin, armpits, and folds of skin. A person with colonization can cause the infection to spread to others.
- Poor Hygiene
MRSA bacteria can be found on most commonly on the skin. Simply washing with soap and water can prevent the bacteria from causing an infection. When people don’t shower after using shared equipment, they can increase their risk of an infection.
- Medical Procedure
When proper sanitizing of medical equipment is not done, a person can get a MRSA infection. It can also be caused by healthcare workers who don’t wash their hands between patients.
MRSA is caused by a variety of things, but the risks of an infection can be reduced by following preventive procedures.