When MRSA is diagnosed, treatment will begin immediately. It will include intensive antibiotics and sometimes surgery. The surgery may be as simple and minimally invasive as a biopsy or more extreme where infected areas are surgically removed. Minor infections can be treated with antibiotics, but MRSA (methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) that has not been treated early on can develop into a serious bacterial infection that may require surgery. In cases when this infection was acquired during a surgical procedure and the doctor caught it early, the chances of additional surgery is slim. Normally it can just be treated with specific antibiotics.
Different Surgery Types
There are different types of surgery that are performed when someone has a seriously dangerous MRSA infection. These are some of the surgeries that are performed on patients with this infection:
- Drainage – this is done when antibiotics alone can’t treat the infection. It is a surgical procedure that opens the wound, bone, or organ so that it can be drained.
- Surgical removal of infection – when antibiotics and drainage aren’t successful in treating the infection, the infected and damaged area may be removed with surgery.
- Amputation – when there are other health issues like diabetes and the infection is severe, though very rare, amputation may be required.
Failure to treat a MRSA aggressively may allow the infection to spread and become life-threatening therefor being aware of the symptoms is crucial.
Even though the incidence of Hospital Acquired (HA-MRSA) is decreasing, many people are still concerned about acquiring it during a surgical procedure. When Center of Disease Control (CDC) guidelines are not followed during surgical procedures, the chances of this infection to spread increases immensely. By nurses, doctors, or other patients can contaminate equipment and areas of the hospital so when CDC Guideline isn’t followed the bacteria can quickly spread.
Avoiding Surgery By Using Antibiotics
Once MRSA is found through tests (culture, blood, DNA) and the specific strain is determined by the doctor, the patient who test positive for this bacteria should begin MRSA treatment immediately with antibiotics and follow proper prevention procedures to avoid any spread of this infection. If surgery is required their might not be much delay between the diagnosis and the surgery. It just matters how severe the infection is. Normally, if it is diagnosed early surgery will not be necessary.
After Surgery Monitoring
When surgery is necessary for treatment, after surgical procedure, the doctors will continue to monitor the MRSA infection to determine if antibiotics are needed. Since people, who have a weakened immune system, are at more risk the chances of being prescribed antibiotics is common to avoid the person from being re-infected.
The simplest way of preventing surgery for the treatment is by diagnosing it as early as possible (MRSA Early Treatment). KNOW THE SYMPTOMS! If any symptoms of this infection arise, inform a health care professional so they can perform the necessary test. Generally, antibiotics are enough to treat this infection but when it is not, knowing the different surgery types and after surgery monitoring can be helpful.