MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a staph infection that is getting a lot of attention. It is resistant to methicillin and other related antibiotics. In addition to it, there are other types of staph infections and they all have similar symptoms. Any staph infection can become serious and should be treated promptly. When a staff infection is present, it’ll need to be tested to rule out MRSA. The bacteria Staphylococcus can live on many differ types of surfaces and also is found commonly on the human body. When a person’s immune system is weakened they are more susceptible to getting this and other types of staph infections.
Types Of Staph Infections
These are some of the main types of other staph infections:
- Epidermidis Staph Infection – This type of staph infection is from a type of staphylococcus bacteria that lives on the skin. It commonly enters the body from surgical procedures and forms a bio film on invasive medical equipment and implanted medical devices. It is coagulase-negative staphylococci.
- Saprophyticus Staph Infection - This type of staph infection commonly causes urinary track infections, especially in young sexually active women. It is coagulase-negative staphylococci.
- Aureus Staph Infection – This type of staph infection is found everywhere and causes a variety of skin infections including MRSA. Other infections caused by aureus staph bacteria include cellulitis, boils, impetigo, carbuncles and similar conditions. The toxins from this staph infection can cause food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome.
Staph Infection Characteristics
Bacteria like staphylococci are transparent, so it is dyed to identify it. A purple dye is used and the procedure is called Gram staining. Staph bacteria looks like grape clusters when it is dyed because the bacteria tends to cluster together.
A thick celled wall surrounds the staph bacteria cell, which makes it a hardy bacterium that can survive many environments and resist a variety of treatments. It can survive independently of the human body and can be found on many surfaces.
Most staph infections can be easily treated, but a MRSA staph infection is resistant to treatment and can spread from the infection site to other parts of the body and to others. Those with a compromised immune system are at a higher risk of a staph infection developing into a MRSA infection.
Staph Infection Symptoms
MRSA and other types of staph infections will have the same symptoms. These symptoms resemble other illnesses so a healthcare professional will need to diagnose a staph infection and identify what type of staph infection. This is especially true of aureus staph infections because they can develop into a MRSA infection. Symptoms of a staph infection include the following:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Red, swollen area
- Abscessed, pus filled area
Only a healthcare professional can determine if an infection is a staph infection or not (Preventing Infections By Eating Healthy). Staph infections should be tested to see if it is MRSA so that it can be treated properly and the spread of the bacteria can be prevented. Though MRSA is getting a lot of press, it is important to remember that there are other types of staph infections that are not as resistant to treatment as this infection.