To refer to an illness, disease or infection as cured gives the impression that there is no trace of the pathogen but that is not always the case. With methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which is also known as MRSA, it cannot be cured in that way. The reason is that the bacteria are present in the normal flora of the skin and present on many surfaces. As far as a MRSA infection is concerned there is no cure but the bacteria can be brought under control and as long as there is a balance of good bacteria that keeps this type of staph bacteria in check it won’t cause health problems.
Use of Cephalexin to Treat Disease, Illness, and Infection
Cephalexin works by destroying the bacteria by not allowing the cell walls to form properly and this causes the bacteria to burst. Treating MRSA is just one of the uses of this antibiotic, other types of infections that it is used for include the following:
- Upper respiratory
- Urinary tract
A medical professional should be informed if there is an allergy to other cephalosporin antibiotics, liver or kidney disease, colitis or other digestive disorder, diabetes, or malnourishment. Current data (2013) has shown that this antibiotic won’t harm an unborn baby but it is passed through breast milk so the prescribing physician will need to be informed if a patient is pregnant or nursing.
Though this antibiotic is effective in treating many strains of MRSA, it is most commonly used to treat community acquired.
CA-MRSA and Antibiotic Treatment
With the decrease in HA-MRSA (hospital acquired) it is easy to be deceived that the risk of MRSA has decreased. The truth is that CA-MRSA (community acquired) is on the rise. One of the antibiotics that is effective in treating community acquired is cephalexin and at this time there is no resistance to this antibiotics. With the correct and responsible use of this antibiotic the risk of resistant staph bacteria will not develop and evolve. There is some concern that using this antibiotic for minor infections that may resolve on their own will increase the risk of MRSA and other resistant strains.
Cephalexin is among the antibiotics that are approved to be used in pediatrics. Some of the side effects that occur from the use of this antibiotic include the following:
- Digestive-upset stomach, diarrhea, vomiting
- Skin-rash, hives
- Thrush or yeast infections
- Bleeding or bruising
- Breathing difficulty or wheezing
- Difficulty swallowing
Some side effects are more severe than others so it is important to contact a healthcare professional to determine the seriousness of the side affects. Adding an additional medication to increase the effectiveness can also increase the risks.
Adding Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole to Cephalexin Treatment
Since MRSA can be very stubborn, a clinical trial was done by the Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Department of Emergency Medicine,Boston, MA, USA to determine if adding trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole will increase the effectiveness of treatment. Cephalexin’s effectiveness did not seem to increase by adding an additional medication.
The proper use of cephalexin will assure that there are treatment options for people with all types of staph infections and reduce resistant strains from developing. Preventing an infection may be as easy as simply washing hands regularly with soap and water. In addition, building a strong immune system will also help avoid infections that require strong antibiotics like cephalexin.
For more detailed information regarding the antibiotic cephalexin can be found at Drugs.com.